Introduction[ edit ] Oral tradition states the island was first settled by a two canoe expedition, originating from Marae Renga or Marae Toe Hau , and led by the chief Hotu Matu’a and his captain Tu’u ko Iho. The island was first scouted after Haumaka dreamed of such a far off country, Hotu deemed it a worthwhile place to flee from a neighboring chief, one to whom he had already lost three battles. At their time of arrival, the island had one lone settler, Nga Tavake ‘a Te Rona. After a brief stay at Anakena, the colonists settled in different parts of the island. Hotu’s heir, Tu’u ma Heke, was born on the island. Tu’u ko Iho is viewed as the leader who brought the statues and caused them to walk.
History of Easter Island
It is also the day that children excitedly wait for the Easter bunny to arrive and deliver their treats of chocolate eggs. Most historians, including Biblical scholars, agree that Easter was originally a pagan festival. Here we will explore some of those perspectives. Resurrection as a symbol of rebirth One theory that has been put forward is that the Easter story of crucifixion and resurrection is symbolic of rebirth and renewal and retells the cycle of the seasons, the death and return of the sun.
According to some scholars, such as Dr. When Tammuz dies, Ishtar is grief—stricken and follows him to the underworld.
May 16, · The cheapest and easiest way to disinfect water? Sunlight. Just leave a clear glass or plastic bottle out in the sun for six hours. SODIS, or solar water disinfection, is .
The island measures about 14 miles 22 km by 7 miles 11 km at its furthest points and it is often said that it can be traversed by foot in a single day. The volcanic island is the most isolated inhabited landmass on Earth. The closest inhabited land is the Pitcairn Islands, located about 1, miles 1, km to the west. Chile, the closest South American country, is located about 2, miles 3, km to the east. Easter Island “heads” on the slope of Rano Raraku volcano. Image via Shutterstock The famous carvings are massive, up to 40 feet 12 meters tall and 75 tons in weight.
The statues also have torsos buried beneath the heads. Recent analysis of radiocarbon dating from the island indicate that Rapa Nui was first settled around A. Their place of origin is a mystery and may have been the Marquesas Islands, located 2, miles 3, km to the northwest of Rapa Nui.
Since our last Letter from the Director we have been on hiatus from excavation and hard at work doing all of the other important tasks you so rarely hear about but which are essential to good research: This has been an intense period of cooperative research with gifted colleagues, and we are grateful for their involvement. Through Joan Wozniak we met Jon Krier, who studied our basalt collections.
I reviewed Bishop Museum collections in Honolulu.
Geologically one of the youngest inhabited territories on Earth, Easter Island, located in the mid-Pacific Ocean, was, for most of its history, one of the most inhabitants, the Rapa Nui, have endured famines, epidemics of disease and cannibalism, civil war, environmental collapse, slave raids, various colonial contacts, and have seen their population crash on more than one occasion.
Search 25 Best Tropical Islands Tropical islands offer the perfect setting for a relaxing getaway that will let you recharge in a beautiful setting with palm trees and colorful sunsets. Here are some of the best tropical places to visit on vacation. Incredibly, each of the 90 resorts in the Maldives is situated on its own island. From the remarkable undersea restaurant of Conrad Maldives Rangali Island to the Four Seasons Maldives annual surfing championship on KudaHuraa, there is plenty to see and do.
Visitors will find terrific diving and snorkeling around scads of coral house reefs inhabited with colorful marine life. Powdery white sand beaches and translucent turquoise waters beckon beachgoers. Best Islands to Visit: Bahamas The Bahamas is a coral archipelago with islands and more than cays scattered over , square miles of the Atlantic Ocean, about 50 miles off the coast of Florida. The population of the Islands range from deserted to packed, and the most visited are Grand Bahama and Paradise Island.
Home to the Andros Barrier Reef, the Bahamas are a scuba divers paradise and some of the best tropical islands to visit in the Caribbean. Diving Thunderball Grotto, immortalized in the James Bond movie Thunderball, and the black coral gardens of Bimini are not to be missed.
25 Best Tropical Islands
She was both Pagan goddess and early Christian saint. St Brigid established a monastery in AD, probably at the location of a former pagan sacred site. Kildare Cathedral developed from this monastery in the early 13th century and is unusual in Ireland for being Anglican. Within the graveyard is the only surviving round tower in Ireland that you can climb.
Mar 17, · Easter Island’s demise is a lesson for the world. “The flesh of your mother sticks between my teeth,” is one insult dating from this time, transmitted through the generations.
Google Early Settlement The first human inhabitants of Rapa Nui the Polynesian name for Easter Island; its Spanish name is Isla de Pascua are believed to have arrived in an organized party of emigrants around A. After the decline of the moai culture, a new cult of bird worship developed on Easter Island. It was centered on a ceremonial village called Orongo, built on the rim of the crater of the Rano Kao volcano. The greatest evidence for the rich culture developed by the original settlers of Rapa Nui and their descendants is the existence of nearly giant stone statues that have been found in diverse locations around the island.
Averaging 13 feet 4 meters high, with a weight of 13 tons, these enormous stone busts—known as moai—were carved out of tuff the light, porous rock formed by consolidated volcanic ash and placed atop ceremonial stone platforms called ahus. It is still unknown precisely why these statues were constructed in such numbers and on such a scale, or how they were moved around the island. Phases of Island Culture Archaeological excavations of Easter Island reveal three distinct cultural phases: Between the early and middle periods, evidence has shown that many early statues were deliberately destroyed and rebuilt as the larger and heavier moai for which the island is most famous.
During the middle period, ahus also contained burial chambers, and the images portrayed by moai are thought to have represented important figures that were deified after death. The biggest statue found dating to the middle period measures about 32 feet tall, and consists of a single block weighing about 82 tons 74, kilograms.
The Dutch named the island Paaseiland Easter Island to commemorate the day they arrived. In , the Spanish viceroy of Peru sent an expedition to the island; the explorers spent four days ashore and estimated a native population of some 3, people. A French navigator, Jean-Francois de Galaup, comte de La Perouse, found 2, people on the island when he arrived in
Jared Diamond then sent over a robust response, which I published in full. Now Lipo and Hunt in turn respond to Diamond, which I am happy also to publish in full below. We acknowledge that Diamond has much at stake here.
Few historical tales of ecological collapse have achieved the cultural resonance of that of Easter Island. In the conventional account, best popularised by Jared Diamond in his book ‘Collapse’, the islanders brought doom upon themselves by over-exploiting their limited environment, thereby.
This post may contain affiliate links — the cost is the same to you, but we get a referral fee. Compensation does not affect rankings. There are many monuments and artifacts around the world that garner amazement and intrigue, but perhaps one of the most puzzling is the Easter Island heads, also called Moai. It is believed that there are approximately of these statues on Easter Island.
Rapa Nui is the Polynesian term used to refer to Easter Island. Annexed in , Easter Island is a territory of Chile. Easter Island is stated to be the most remote inhabited island in the world; however, the afore-mentioned exploitation is beginning to take its toll. Why is it Called Easter Island? While locals refer to the island as Rapa Nui, most others refer to it as Easter Island.
Where is Easter Island? Easter Island is approximately The maximum altitude of the island is 1, feet tall and there are no permanent streams or rivers. There are three volcanoes on Easter Island:
10 Strange And Mysterious Islands
Alicia Rades Alicia Rades aliciarades is a professional blogger for hire who specializes in blogging, freelancing, and lifestyle topics. Full Bio Grab a sheet of paper and a pencil, ladies and gentlemen. Or in more modern terms, create a new note on Evernote. Create a bucket list. Grab a sheet of paper and a pencil, ladies and gentlemen.
A mid-section of the Santiago Staff with Rongorongo script. (Wikipedia) The name Rongorongo comes from the Rapa Nui language, which is the native language of Easter Island, and means “to recite, to declaim, to chant out.”.
On Greek soil, at Hellenikon and Ligourio west of Athens in the Argolid region, are two limestone pyramids that are stylistically very much like those at Giza near Cairo. The big difference is size; the Greek pyramids are only the size of a large room compared to the Great Pyramid’s height with capstone of almost feet. Other archeologists doubt this because the early settlers of New Caledonia did not use cement. Besides, there seem to be no other signs of human involvement. This has led to the hypothesis that the mounds were built by huge, now-extinct, flightless birds for the purpose of incubating their eggs.
It was not clear initially what the device was, except that it was clearly a sophisticated mechanism. X-ray analysis was subsequently used to probe the inner structure of the device, the details of the gears. Finally in , a full analysis was published by Professor D. While some of the original gearing was missing, there was enough to work out that the device was intended to show the motion of the Moon, Sun, and most likely the Planets through the years, when the handle was turned.
Gold, copper, silver, lead, tin, iron and mercury were known as ‘ Metals of Antiquity ‘ which civilizations were based upon.
Messenger Few places on earth are as well known for their so-called mysteries as Easter Island, also known as Rapa Nui. For a tiny island of 64 square miles, with its nearest neighbours some 1, miles away, it has seen more than its fair share of controversy. And how can we explain its apparent paradox: Anthropologists have long wondered whether these seemingly simple inhabitants really had the capacity for such cultural complexity.
Or was a more advanced population, perhaps from the Americas, actually responsible — one that subsequently wiped out all the natural resources the island once had?
The Bahamas is a coral archipelago with islands and more than cays scattered over , square miles of the Atlantic Ocean, about 50 miles off the coast of Florida. The population of the Islands range from deserted to packed, and the most visited are Grand Bahama and Paradise Island. Home to the Andros Barrier Reef, the Bahamas are a scuba divers paradise and some of the best.
Introduction[ edit ] Oral tradition states the island was first settled by a two-canoe expedition, originating from Marae Renga or Marae Toe Hau , and led by the chief Hotu Matu’a and his captain Tu’u ko Iho. The island was first scouted after Haumaka dreamed of such a far-off country; Hotu deemed it a worthwhile place to flee from a neighboring chief, one to whom he had already lost three battles.
At their time of arrival, the island had one lone settler, Nga Tavake ‘a Te Rona. After a brief stay at Anakena, the colonists settled in different parts of the island. Hotu’s heir, Tu’u ma Heke, was born on the island. Tu’u ko Iho is viewed as the leader who brought the statues and caused them to walk. Similar sacred zones with statuary marae and ahu in East Polynesia demonstrates homology with most of Eastern Polynesia. At contact, populations were about 3, , The western and northern portion of the island belonged to the Tu’u, which included the royal Miru, with the royal center at Anakena, though Tahai and Te Peu served as earlier capitals.
The eastern portion of the island belonged to the ‘Otu ‘Itu. Shortly after the Dutch visit, from until , the ‘Otu ‘Itu fought the Tu’u for control of the island. This fighting continued until the s.